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National Museum of China

Address: East side of Tian’anmen Square,16 East Chang'an Avenue, Dongcheng District, Beijing 100006, P. R. China.
Website:http://www.chnmuseum.cn/
It was founded in February 2003, based on the merging of two previous museums, namely the National Museum of Chinese History and the National Museum of Chinese Revolution.
 

Focus
  • History
  • Architecture
  • Organization

July 9, 1912: The predecessor of the National Museum of China - the Preparatory Office of the National Museum of History - was founded. It was originally located at the Imperial College (Guozijian) in Beijing.

1918: The office was relocated to the Duanmen and Wumen of the Forbidden City.

October 1, 1926: The museum was renamed the National Museum of History and was officially opened to the public.

October, 1949: The museum was renamed the Beijing Museum of History, belonging to the Ministry of Culture of the People’s Republic of China.

March, 1950: The Preparatory Office of the National Museum of Revolution was established. The site was originally at the Beihai Park in Beijing, but soon it moved to Wuyingdian of the Forbidden City.

August, 1958: The meeting of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China decided to begin constructing the National Museum of Chinese History and the National Museum of Chinese Revolution.

October, 1958: Construction of the two museums on the east side of the Tian’anmen Square began.

August, 1959: The project was completed and became one of the “Ten Great Constructions” for the anniversary of the People’s Republic of China.

October 1, 1959: The National Museum of Chinese History launched a public preview of the major exhibition entitled General Chinese History.

September, 1969: The National Museum of Chinese History and the National Museum of Chinese Revolution merged. It was named the National Museum of Chinese Revolution and History.

Early 1983: The two museums returned to their own separate entities.

February, 2003: The merging of the two museums took place and the National Museum of China was established.

March, 2007: The National Museum of China began its renovation and enlargement project.

December, 2010: The renovation and enlargement project was completed.

March, 2011: The National Museum of China new building re-opened to the public.

Scale of the building: The National Development and Reform Commission approved a total construction area of 191,900 square metres (within this, the renovated area totals 35,000 square metres and the expanded area is 156,900 square metres)

Construction area: The total land area is 70,000 square metres (the original site covered 50,500 square metres and 19,500 metres were added)

Project investment: The National Development and Reform Commission approved the proposed budget of RMB 2,503,160,000 (from the state budget)

Building height: 42.5 metres - five floors above ground and two floors below ground

Construction period: 2007–2010

The CPC Central Committee and the State Council have placed great importance on the construction of this museum. In August, 1958, the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee decided to construct the National Museum of Chinese Revolution that was regarded one of the “Ten Great Constructions” in September, 1959. Due to economic and historical factors, the National Museum of Chinese Revolution would share the premises with the National Museum of Chinese History. But after nearly fifty years of shared premises and the impact of the Tangshan earthquake, officials realized that the equipment, security, and functional status did not meet museum requirements.

In the 1980s, the Ministry of Culture began to plan construction for the National Museum of Chinese History that became key construction project of the state. That was approved by the former State Planning Commission in 1986. In 1996, resolutions of the Sixth Plenary Session of the Fourteenth CPC Central Committee formerly proposed the “construction of a planned National Museum, National Performing Centre, and other state projects with important influence”.

In 2001, the State Council coordinated with the Ministry of Public Security and the Supreme People’s Court to implement a project to renovate and expand the museum at its original location. Accordingly, the State Council approved the project on March 15, 2003 and the museum immediately called together a work force. Between February and September, 2004, the National Museum of China invited international public bidding for designs. According to the National Development and Reform Commission, the China Academy of Building Research and the German architecture design company Gmp won the bidding on September 1, 2004. With revisions prompted by experts immediately following, they carried out preliminary design work on the tenth version of the design plan.

In the meantime, experts from the National Development and Reform Commission and the China International Engineering Consulting Company made revisions of the design scheme. After much deliberation, they decided to retain the old west, south, and north façades of the programme (namely the “keeping the three sides” programme) and reported this plan to the National Development and Reform Commission at the end of June, 2006.

On November 22, 2006, during the State Council executive meeting, the feasibility of progress studies and the design for the museum’s renovation and enlargement project were considered and approved. That decision marked a crucial step in the process of expanding the National Museum of China.

By the end of February, 2007, the preliminary design for the renovation and enlargement project of the National Museum of China was completed and reported to the National Development and Reform Commission.

On July 23, 2007, the National Development and Reform Commission issued the preliminary design for the National Museum of China’s renovation and enlargement project and approved the investment budget. The National Museum Renovation and Enlargement Project was underway.

The National Museum of China (NMC) is located at the east side of Tiananmen Square, opposite the Great Hall of the People. It was founded in February 2003, based on the merging of two previous museums, namely the National Museum of Chinese History and the National Museum of Chinese Revolution. NMC, an integrated national museum under the Ministry of Culture of China, draws equally from both history and art and is dedicated to its collections, exhibitions, research, archeology, public education and cultural communication. Its basic functions are collections of cultural relics and artworks, exhibitions, public education, history and art research and cultural communication.

The predecessor of the Museum of Chinese History was the Preparatory Office of the Museum of Chinese History, founded on July 9, 1912. Upon the founding of the People's Republic of China on Oct 1st , 1949, the museum was renamed the Beijing Museum of History, only to be renamed once again as the National Museum of Chinese History in 1959. The predecessor of the Museum of Chinese Revolution was the Preparatory Office of the National Revolution Museum, which was founded in March, 1950 and was given its current name ten years later. In August 1959, with the completion of a new building on the east side of Tiananmen Square, and this housed both museums; it was acclaimed as one of the Ten Great Constructions built to celebrate the tenth anniversary of the People’s Republic of China. On Oct 1st of that same year, the two museums opened to the public.

We hold leading within China, first-class externally as our main objective, people foremost as a principle of development, honest to reality, close to life, friendly to the people as a value, and talent, collection, academics and services as the key points in running the museum. It is of great importance to preserve, inherit, display, and develop the magnificent Chinese culture. Meanwhile, as the most important cultural and art institution in China, NMC not only displays China’s outstanding civilization achievements, but also those of other parts of the world.

To support the public cultural service system and satisfy the learning needs of the community, we strive to promote the historical and cultural knowledge of the general public, in particular young people, while working to nurture civilization and facilitate life-long learning in the cultural sphere and in the classroom.

NMC plays an important role in displaying Chinese culture, cultivating national spirit; as such it is a world leader amongst museums in developing the field of cultural relics.

From March, 2007 to December, 2010, NMC carried out a project to expand the museum so that it now covers 192,000 square meters. Today NMC is the largest museum in the world, with first class facilities and capabilities. With more than forty halls, we have exhibitions of Ancient China and The Road to Rejuvenation on regular display and more than a dozen categories of display related to special exhibitions and international exchange exhibitions. Not only has the museum amassed five thousand years of Chinese art and cultural heritage, the museum itself attests to the long road to revival and provides high-quality exhibitions which reflect the fruits of this world civilization.

Tour guide
  • Opening hours
  • Transportation
  • Ticket service
  • Directions

9:00 - 17:00; Closed on Mondays

Tickets issued until 15:30

Last admission at 16:00

By Subway:

Line1 Tian'an Men East

Line2 Qian Men

By Bus:

Tian'an Men East Station, Routes: 1, 2, 10, 20, 37, 52, 59, 82, 99, 120, 126, 203 (night), 205 (night), 210 (night), 728, Special 1, Special 2

QianMen Station, Routes: 5, 17, 20, 22, 48, 59, 66, 69, 71, 82, 120, 126, 301, 626, 646, 690, 692, 729

Tian'an Men Square East Station, Routes: 2, 5, 20, 22, 120, 126, 203(night), 210(night), special1, special2

Way1.You can get a free ticket from the Ticket Office at the West Gate by showing your valid ID(passport).

Way2.Booking Information(Online booking of free tickets is only offered to individual visitors)Read Booking Instructions carefullybefore booking. After the registration as per requirement, please click corresponding link in the booking list for a free ticket of the day.When the booking is done, a booking code will be displayed on the webpage and sent to your registered mailbox at the same time. On the visiting day, please come to the Ticketing Center at the NMC North Entrance with valid ID document used for registration and the booking code (the Ticketing Center south of the West Entrance between November 15 and March 15 the next year) to get a free ticket.

Level -1: permanent exhibition Ancient China, public service areas, Broadcasting Room, Theatre and Lecture Hall.

Level 1: Theatre, Lecture Hall, Experts Building and the museum access.

Level 2: North Galleries, VIP room, South Galleries, the permanent exhibition, The Road of Rejuvenation, public service areas and Central Hall.

Level 3: public services areas, the permanent exhibition The Road of Rejuvenation, North Galleries and South Galleries.

Level 4: North Galleries, South Galleries, Central Hall 2, and the museum access.

Level 5: Jade Hall, VIP rooms, and public service areas.

Collections
  • Basin with a fish pattern with a human face.jpg
     

    Basin with a fish pattern with a human face

  • Brick depicting wine brewing.jpg
     

    Brick depicting wine brewing

  • Double animal head bowl (pan) with three wheels.jpg
     

    Double animal head bowl (pan) with three wheels

  • Double-phoenix-handle jade bowl.jpg
     

    Double-phoenix-handle jade bowl

  • Guojizibai water vessel (pan).jpg
     

    Guojizibai water vessel (pan)

  • Jing Li Set of bells (13 pieces).jpg
     

    Jing Li Set of bells (13 pieces)

  • Yellow cloisonne enamel bowl with peonies.jpg
     

    Yellow cloisonne enamel bowl with peonies

Relevant
  • Books
  • Documentary film
  • Movie and Television play
  • Music

图片描述

1.《中国国家博物馆展品中的100个故事》

Author:吕章申

Pages:301

ISBN:9787501033393

Date of Publication:2012-1

Press:


 

1.《博物志—中国国家博物馆100年》(2014)

Directed by: 闫东

Running time: 50 minutes

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Exhibitions
  • Current
  • Upcoming
  • Past

图片描述

1.“Chinese People, Chinese Dream” Photography Show

Date : August 24, 2014 - September 5, 2014

Venue : Gallery S1 and S4

Hosted by: Chinese National Academy of Arts

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1.Tradition and Innovation—A joint exhibition of Cardot’s sculptures and Fan Zeng’s paintings

Date : August 29, 2014 - September 21, 2014

Venue : Galleries N2 and N3

Hosted by: Peking University, Chinese National Academy of Arts

图片描述

1.China: Throne of Emperors

Duration : March 22, - June 22, 2014

Venue : Visa Platinum Gallery, Level 2 and Te Ihomatua, Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa

Hosted by: National Museum of China